Science 14 June 2002:
Vol. 296. no. 5575, p. 1965
A three-story museum in memory of Chinese-American physicist Chien-Shiung Wu--the first of its kind in China for an expatriate scientist--opened last month at Southeast University in Nanjing.
Wu, who died in 1997 at age 85, came to the United States in 1936, winning her doctorate at the University of California, Berkeley. She was a professor at Columbia University for 36 years. She is best known for a 1956 experiment in which she disproved the conservation of parity in nuclear beta decay, a law bearing on the nature of elementary particles. The experiment confirmed a theory proposed by her colleague T. D. Lee and Chen Ning Yang of Princeton, who both went on to win the Nobel Prize in physics in 1957.
Wu became the first woman to head the American Physical Society in 1973. In her later years she applied biophysics to the study of sickle cell anemia. The museum contains items donated by her husband, Luke C. L. Yuan, and models of her lab equipment.